Nearly 20 years ago, Dr. Nguyen Van Viet, Director of the Centre for Prehistoric Southeast Asian Studies, discovered worn movement vestiges in the south of the entrance of the Trai hamlet cave in Tan Lap commune of Lac Son district. At that time, those vestiges, dating back 8,000 - 9,000 years, were 60 - 70cm underground and almost intact.
Nguyen Van Viet, Director of the Centre for Prehistoric Southeast Asian
Studies, talks to the media about new discoveries of the Hoa Binh Civilisation
at the Trai hamlet cave.
Trai hamlet is located in the former Muong Vang
area, which is now the communes of Quy Hoa, Tan Lap, and Nhan Nghia. The Trai
hamlet cave is situated in a vast valley where wet rice is cultivated and
limestone mountains surround.
Notably, many vestiges of primitive humans have
been found here. In 1980, during a fact-finding trip to prepare for map
drawing, a geological team discovered many traces of the primitive civilisation
at the cave and collected 108 stone objects and some animal bone pieces.
The elderly residing in the centre of the Muong
Vang area said Trai hamlet used to be a thick forest where primitive humans
survived on foraging nuts and hunting wild animals.
Six deep and large worn vestiges were discovered
in the Hoa Binh Civilisation layer. Compared to previously found vestiges, they
were more worn, indicating that this cave used to be a living place of
Inside the Trai hamlet cave, apart from stone,
bone, horn and ceramic objects, archaeologists also collected a relatively
large number of mollusc shell and plant traces. The rice grains and husks
discovered in the Hoa Binh Civilisation layer there could be material evidence
of the early-stage wet rice cultivation during the civilisation.
In particular, scientists also found a grave in
a stratum dating back more than 17,000 years, along with some stoves. At
present, archaeologists haven’t been able to completely decode all the
mysteries kept at the Trai hamlet cave.
In late 2014, Viet, one of the founders of a
club of friends of those loving the Hoa Binh civilisation, called for donations
from the philanthropists wishing to preserve national heritage to help address
rockslides and repair a pagoda damaged by fallen rocks with the hope that this
place will become one of the destinations for people interested in this civilisation.
Coming here, visitors can learn more about the
life of primitive humans of the Hoa Binh civilisation. They can also gain an
insight into the culture of the Muong ethnic group and enjoy the beautiful
landscape of the Muong Vang valley, one of the four large Muong ethnic areas in
Hoa Binh province.
Bui Van Cuong, a local from Bo town of Hoa Binh’s Kim Boi district, has made his first visit to Chai village, Vong La commune of Hanoi’s outskirt Dong Anh district where late Party General Secretary Truong Chinh drafted the "Outline of Vietnamese Culture”, the first platform on culture 81 years ago. For Vietnamese culture lovers like Cuong, the historical relic site is a must-visit place.
Tan Pheo commune in Da Bac district has been long inhabited by people of several ethnic minority groups such as Tay, Dao and Muong. Each ethnic group has its own culture and unique customs during Tet. For the Tay people, although life has changed a lot, their cultural identity and customs of celebrating the Lunar New Year are still preserved and passed down.
The Tien pagoda festival in Phu Nghia commune, Lac Thuy district will be held as a provincial-level event from February 12-14, said Vice Chairman of the provincial People’s Committee Nguyen Van Toan.
In 2024, the Festival of Tien pagoda takes place on a provincial scale from February 12th – 14th, 2024 (Lunnar January 3rd – 5th). In particular, the opening ceremony is expected to be held in the afternoon of February 12th (Lunar January 3rd); The opening ceremony takes place on February 13th (Lunar January 4th) at Tien Pagoda yard in the tourism area of Tien Pagoda, Phu Nghia commune.
Mai Chau district of Hoa Binh province is endowed by nature with picturesque landscapes. It also boasts traditional culture and arts of local Thai, Muong, Mong, Dao ethnic minority groups to help the locality to develop tourism associated with cultural conservation and promotion.